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The Fauna

The climate changes occurred subsequent to the formation and the emergence of the Promontory of Portofino, about forty million years ago, and its geographical location, have allowed the establishment of a significant variety of animal species during the natural history of the territory.

Today especially insects and amphibians, coming from different areas, remain from this period.

Among the species of particular interest it is important to remember the Charaxes jasius, a showy butterfly typical of the Mediterranean shrub linked to the “Strawberry tree”, the whom leaves are main food of caterpillars of this specie, the stag-beetle (Lucanus cervus), the biggest beetle in Europe, the northern spectacled salamader (Salamadrina perpiscellata) and the three-toed skink (Chalcides chalcides), endemic of Italy.

There are about 100 species of birds including the peregrine falcon (Falcus peregrinus), a diurnal bird of prey that can be spotted in a particulary area of the Promontory, Cala dell’Oro.